Before the silver screen took the world by storm, St. Augustine locals and visitors found entertainment in the performing arts. Storytelling has always been a crucial aspect of culture and its impact is enhanced through musical and theatrical performance. Menendez even brought open-air religious performers to impress the Natives. The first official record of a stage drama appears to have happened in 1783. The East Florida Gazette promoted two benefit shows at the State House theatre: “Beaux Stratagem” and “A Miss in Her Teens” performed Monday night March 31, 1783. In the 1860s, theatricals often took place at an auditorium in the Post Office, now the Governor’s House Cultural Center.
East Florida Gazette, 1783. Benefit shows advertised shown on the right.
Genovar Opera House
Bartolo Genovar is from one of the oldest families in St. Augustine with roots that go back to the city’s founding in 1565. In 1866, he operated a grocery store on Charlotte Street and others on the same street manufacturing and selling orange wines, rumored to be the best of its class. He believed the city needed an opera house, so he turned the second floor of his Charlotte/Cuna Street location into the Genovar Opera House where lectures and entertainment. The two-story wooden structure was lost to a fire in 1914 with several other buildings in the city. Another was rebuilt on St. George Street close to Treasury Street. The theater was designed to host traveling companies and provided full stage equipment and folding seats.
You can find the site by the historical marker citing celebrated orator Frederick Douglass’s April 7, 1889 speech in the opera house to 700 St. Augustine residents regarding abolitionism following the Emancipation Proclamation. Today, part of the building operates as Prohibition Kitchen, a themed gastropub offering generous portions and live music.
Built in 1907, the Jefferson Theatre was named for brothers Joseph and William Jefferson, who were renowned thespians of the day. Located on the corner of Cathedral Place and Cordova Street, the theatre began as an opera and vaudeville house, eventually transitioning to silent film screenings by the 1920s. Paramount Pictures operated the theatre in the 1940s until it was demolished in the 1950s. The St. Augustine National Bank built a new bank on site and today it operates as a Bank of America branch located on the corner of Cordova Street and Cathedral Place.
Louise Beatty Homer was a world-renowned opera singer whose active international career in concert halls and opera houses spans from 1895 until her retirement in 1932. Starting off as a vaudeville performer in New England, Louise made her professional debut playing Léonore in Donizetti’s
La Favorita in Vichy, France in 1898 and performed at the Royal Opera House in London the following year. She made her American opera debut in 1900 when she was a member of the Metropolitan Opera from 1900-1919 and again between 1927-1929. She sang here for nineteen consecutive seasons, often opposite the acclaimed Enrico Caruso, Geraldine Farrar, and Ernestine Schumann-Heink.
Louise’s resume as an opera diva is extensive and impressive touting roles such as the witch in the premiere of Humperdinck’s
Königskinder, Suzuki in Puccini’s Madama Butterfly, plus several solo performances like Verdi’s Requiem. Between 1903-1929, Louise recorded arias and gospel hymns on the Victor Talking Machine Company and is considered one of the first great classical recording artists.
Louise and Sidney Homer
Louise and her husband, American composer Sidney, moved to St. Augustine in the Nelmar area in the 1930s. After many health complications, doctors suggested a warmer climate would benefit Sidney’s respiratory system. They moved to Palm Beach, Florida around 1928, then to 30 Nelmar Avenue in St. Augustine shortly after. During his year and a half recovery, he wrote
My Wife and I and published the book via MacMillan in 1939. Louise offered singing lessons out of their home while he recovered and she retired her performing career. The Homers moved to Orlando two winters later where Louise would teach vocal lessons at Rollins College until her death in 1947.
Conductor and composer Curtis Tucker is Artistic Director for First Coast Opera and serves as Adjunct Faculty at the Florida School of the Arts. The Saint Augustine resident formerly served as General Director of Opera Saratoga in New York, Sorg Opera in Ohio, and Whitewater Opera in Indiana.
Curtis’s original compositions reflect his life-long commitment to vocal music. He has written three one-act operas on librettos by his frequent collaborator Nelson Sheeley.
The Stranger’s Tale premiered at Sorg Opera in 2005. The Trial of B. B. Wolf premiered in New York in 2011 and has twice been performed by First Coast Opera. His most recent chamber opera, Penelope Ann's Revenge, written as a sequel to Arthur Sullivan's Cox and Box, will premiere with a full co-production by A Classic Theatre and First Coast Opera in May 2021. His songs and choral works have been performed throughout the United States, and his projects have received grants from the National Endowment for the Arts and state arts councils in Massachusetts, Ohio, Florida, and California.
He has been Guest Conductor for Cincinnati Opera, Syracuse Opera, Mobile Opera, Wichita Grand Opera, Fresno Grand Opera, University of North Florida Opera Theater, Alabama School of the Arts at the University of Mobile, the Gilbert and Sullivan Society of San Jose, and others. In 2011, he paced the world premiere of Michael Ching’s
A Midsummer Night’s Dream opera a cappella at Opera Memphis, as well as a studio recording of the work released by Albany Records.
A Kansas City native, Curtis earned a Bachelor of Music Education degree, magna cum laude with Honors in Music, from Central Methodist College, the Master of Music in Conducting degree from the University of Northern Colorado, and a Juris Doctor degree from Northeastern University School of Law. He also received certificates in Voice from the Chautauqua School of Music and Arts Administration from the Professional Arts Management Institute in New York City.